Léelos; Te presentamos una serie de artículos que generan una amplia mirada al contexto en el que se desenvuelve la educación y los niños con Necesidades Educativas Especiales.

martes, 01 de abril de 2014

The Harvard Gazette en el Día Mundial del autismo: Temple Grandin

En su actual edición de The Harvard Gazette, se incluye el siguiente artículo acerca de Temple Grandin, destacada doctora y profesora en ciencias que fue diagnosticada con autismo a los dos años. Revisa aquí su postura frente a la Educación de niños autistas. "En la Educación Especial hay demasiado énfasis en el déficit y no el suficiente sobre la fortaleza"

Autism as a facet of experience, not a limit Temple Grandin shares firsthand insights from work, activism. By Chuck Leddy, Harvard Correspondent Temple Grandin, a professor of animal science at Colorado State, brought her experience with autism, with which she was diagnosed at age 2, and insights from years of activism to a talk at the Graduate School of Education (GSE) Wednesday. One of those insights: Diagnostic labels have their limits. “In special education, there’s too much emphasis placed on the deficit and not enough on the strength,” said the Boston-born Grandin at Askwith Hall. “I’m seeing a lot of 10-year-olds getting completely hung up on their autism, caught up in a handicapped mentality.” Much of Grandin’s activism has focused on connecting autistics with education and careers. “I like to think about how the different kinds of minds can work together and complement each other.” Speaking at length about her own “different thinking,” she said, “my thinking is bottom-up,” grounded in specific details. “When I think about a cathedral, I see a series of specific cathedrals,” not an archetype. “People who think in words tend to ‘over-abstractify’ the world too much and miss the details.” Grandin brought along two brain scans to illustrate her much larger circuitry for visual thinking compared with the average brain: “Being a visual thinker has really helped me in designing livestock handling facilities. Animals are sensory-based learners,” she said. (The 2010 HBO movie “Temple Grandin,” with Claire Danes in the title role, showed how Grandin crawled through an existing livestock facility to understand how cattle experienced moving through the chutes, and then integrated her sensory-based insights into her own designs.) Shifting her focus to the classroom, Grandin offered several suggestions for educating students with autism or unconventional learning styles. “Kids on the spectrum tend to get fixated on the things they like,” she said. “You need to use those fixations to teach kids different subjects.” If a child is fixated on airplanes, Grandin said, the teacher might use planes to illustrate lessons in physics, engineering, history, and more. Mentors are also important. A particular teacher sparked her interest in science, Grandin said. Educators need to nudge students “slightly out of their comfort zone” to challenge them while providing support. Autistic children also need responsibilities and tasks — paper-route-type jobs — “to build work skills,” she said. Adults can’t “allow kids to become recluses playing video games by themselves all day.” Near the end of her talk, Grandin offered a bit of advice to autistic people in the job market: “You need to sell your work, not yourself. Create a portfolio to show your work and carry it around with you.” It was a practical note keeping with her wider message, that those with “different thinking” have much to offer. April is National Autism Awareness month. Revisa también la TED Talk de Temple Grandin "El Mundo necesita todos los tipos de mentes" http://www.ted.com/talks/temple_grandin_the_world_needs_all_kinds_of_minds

lunes, 19 de junio de 2017

¿Qué es la educación Inclusiva?

Por Isabel Zúñiga

Es un modelo implementado en países desarrollados y recomendado por la UNESCO que beneficia el aprendizaje de niños y niñas con Necesidades Educativas Especiales, a sus compañeros y representa un cambio social de importancia. Es indispensable para ofrecer igualdad de oportunidades.

martes, 06 de mayo de 2014

Terminar con la selección es empezar a democratizar la educación de calidad

Destacamos esta columna, publicada en "El Mostrador" y escrita por los diputados Camila Vallejos y Giorgio Jackson, acerca de la selección escolar y la necesidad de ponerle fin.

miércoles, 14 de mayo de 2014

¿En qué consiste el Síndrome de Asperger? Reportaje de Canal 13

Revisa aquí el reportaje acerca de quienes poseen Síndrome de Asperger y sus dificultades para lograr la inclusión. Realizado por Canal 13, mayo 2014.